sábado, 25 de mayo de 2019

WORD FORMATION: the most common ones

Here you have a list of the most common words used in the third part of the cambridge exams (level b2 and c1).
Word formation is an important part of the USE OF ENGLISH. 
Don't study a list. You just have to read it and try to get used to writing the word correctly as there are no rules for using SUFFIXES or PREFIXES.

ABLE
- Ability
- Enable
- Disable
- Disabled
-Disability


ACCEPT
- Acceptable
- Acceptably
- Unacceptable
- Unacceptability
- Acceptability
- Acceptance


ACCESS
- Accessible
- Inaccessible
- Accessibility
- Accession


ACCURATE
- Inaccurate
- Accuracy
- Inaccuracy


ACTIVE
- Inactive
- Actively
- Activate
- Activist
- Activity
- Activism
- Activator
- Activation


ADD
- Addition
- Additional
- Additionally
- Additive
- Addable
- Add-on


ADMIT
- Admission
- Admittance
- Admissible
- Inadmissible
- Admiteddly
- Readmit


APPROVE
- Approval
- Disapproval
- Approving
- Disapproving
- Disapprovingly


ASSESS
- Assessment
- Assessor


ASSIST
- Assistant
- Assistance


ATTEND
- Attendance
- Attendant
- Inattention
- Attentive
- Inattentive


BELIEF
- Disbelief
- Believe
- Disbelieve
- Believer
- Believable
- Unbelievable
- Unbelievably


BREAK
- Breakable
- Unbreakable
- Outbreak
- Breakaway
- Breakdown
- Breakthrough


BROAD
- Broaden
- Breadth
- Broadminded
- Broadside
- Broadcast
- Broadcaster


CARE
- Careless
- Carelessly
- Careful
- Carefully
- Carefree
- Caring
- Caringly


CHARACTER
- Characterless
- Characterize
- Characterization
- Characteristic
- Characteristically


CHILD
- Childhood
- Childish
- Childishly
- Childless
- Childlike


CLEAR
- Unclear
- Clearly
- Clearance
- Clarity
- Clarify
- Clarification


CLOSE
- Closely
- Closeness
- Closure
- Disclose
- Disclosure
- Enclose


COMFORT
- Discomfort
- Comfortable
- Uncomfortable
- Comforting
- Comfortably


COMPARE
- Comparison
- Comparable
- Comparably
- Comparative
- Comparability
- Incomparable
- Incomparably


COMPETE
- Competition
- Competitor
- Competitive
- Uncompetitive


CREATE
- Creation
- Creator
- Creature
- Creativity
- Creative
- Creatively
- Uncreative
- Uncreatively
- Recreate
- Recreation
- Creacionist
- Creationism


DIE
- Dead
- Death
- Deathly


DELIVER
- Delivery
- Deliverer
- Deliverable
- Undeliverable
- Deliverance
- Undelivered


DEPEND
- Dependence
- Independence
- Dependent
- Independent
- Dependant
- Independently
- Dependability


DEVELOP
- Development
- Developmental
- Developmentally
- Developer
- Developing
- Underdeveloped


DIFFER
- Difference
- Indifference
- Different
- Differently
- Differential
- Differentiation
- Indifferent
- Differentiate


DIRECT
- Direction
- Directive
- Directly
- Director
- Directory
- Indirect
- Indirectly
- Redirect


DIVIDE
- Division
- Divisible
- Dividable


DOUBT
- Doubtless
- Doubtful
- Doubtlessly


EASY
- Ease
- Easily


EFFECT
- Effective
- Effectively
- Effectiveness
- Ineffective
- Ineffectively
- Ineffectiveness


EDUCATE
- Educator
- Educated
- Educational
- Educationally


EMPLOY
- Employer
- Employee
- Employment
- Unemployment
- Employed
- Unemployed
- Employable


EQUAL
- Equality
- Inequality
- Equalizer
- Unequal
- Unequally


EXCEPT
- Exception
- Exceptional
- Exceptionally


EXIST
- Existing
- Existence
- Existent
- Coexist
- Coexistence
- Non-existence
- Non-existent
- Existential


EXPAND
- Expansive
- Expandable


EXPECT
- Expectation
- Expentancy
- Expectant
- Unexpected
- Unexpectedly


EXTEND
- Extent
- Extension
- Extensive
- Extensively
- Extendable


FAIL
- Failure
- Failed


FAMILIAR
- Familiarity
- Familiarize
- Familiarly
- Unfamiliar
- Unfamiliarity
- Familiarization


FASHION
- Fashionable
- Unfashionable
- Unfashionably


FAT
- Fatty
- Fatten
- Fatness


FREE
- Freedom


GROW
- Growth


GUIDE
- Guidance
- Guideline
- Misguide


HARM
- Harmful
- Harmless
- Harmfully


HAZARD
- Hazardous
- Hazardously


HOME
- Homecoming
- Homeland
- Homeless
- Homelessness
- Homesick
- Homework


IMPRESS
- Impression
- Impressive
- Impressively
- Unimpressive
- Unimpressively
- Impressionist
- Impressionistic


INDUSTRY
- Industrial
- Industrially
- Industrialize
- Industrialization
- Industrious
- Industriously


INFORM
- Informative
- Information
- Misinform
- Misinformed
- Informer


INHABIT
- Inhabitants
- Inhabited
- Uninhabited


INJURE
- Injury
- Injurious
- Injured


INTEND
- Intention
- Intentional
- Intentionally
- Unintentional


INVENT
- Invention
- Inventor
- Inventive


INVEST
- Investor
- Investment


INVOLVE
- Involvement
- Involving


JOY
- Joyful
- Enjoy
- Enjoyable
- Enjoyment


JUDGE
- Judgement
- Judicious
- Misjudge


JUST
- Justify
- Justice
- Justifiable
- Justification
- Unjustified


KNOW
- Knowledge
- Knowledgeable
- Acknowledge
- Acknowledgement
- Unknown
- Well-known


LABOUR
- Labourers
- Labourious


LIKE
- Alike
- Dislike
- Unlike
- Likeable
- Likely
- Unlikely


LONG
- Length
- Longitude


LOSE
- Loss
- Lost
- Loser


MARRY
- Married
- Marriage


MASS
- Massive
- Massively


MEAN
- Meaning
- Meaningful
- Meaningless


MEMORY
- Memorize
- Memorable
- Memorization
- Memorably


MOVE
- Movement
- Moving


NATION
- National
- Nationalism
- Nationalist
- Nationality
- International
- Multinational


PREFER
- Preference
- Preferable
- Preferential
- Preferably


PRODUCE
- Product
- Productive
- Productively
- Production
- Producer
- Reproduce
- Reproduction
- Reproductive
- Unproductive


PROPOSE
- Proposal
- Proposition


REAL
- Really
- Unreal
- Realistic
- Reality
- Realism
- Realize
- Realization


RECEIVE
- Receiver
- Reception
- Receiving


RECOGNIZE
- Recognition
- Recognizable
- Recognizably
- Unrecognizable


REFER
- Reference
- Referee
- Referential


REFUSE
- Refusal


RELY
- Reliable
- Unreliable
- Reliance


SAFE
- Safety
- Safely


SATISFY
- Satisfaction
- Dissatisfaction
- Satisfying


SENSE
- Nonsence
- Senseless
- Sensible
- Sensitive


SHORT
- Shorten
- Shortage


SUBSTANCE
- Substantial
- Substantially
- Unsubstantial


SUIT
- Suitable
- Suitability
- Unsuitable


TEMPT
- Tempter
- Temptation
- Tempting


THINK
- Thoughtful
- Thoughtfully
- Thoughtfulness


TOLERATE
- Tolerance
- Intolerance
- Tolerant
- Intolerant
- Tolerable
- Intolerable


TRUE
- Truly
- Truth
- Untrue


UNDERSTAND
- Understanding
- Understandable
- Understandably
- Misunderstand
- Misunderstanding


VALUE
- Valuable
- Invaluable
- Devalue
- Overvalue
- Revalue


VARY
- Varied
- Invariable
- Invariably
- Variability
- Variable
- Variety
- Variably


WEIGH
- Weight
- Weightless
- Weighty
- Overweight
- Underweight
- Outweight


WISE
- Unwise
- Wisdom





domingo, 19 de mayo de 2019

SOLUTIONS FCE Reading PART 6

Here you have the answers for the 6th part of the FCE exam. Remember to pay attention to the whole text. You will find here the correct choice. Look at the key words to understand why it is connected with the correct option.
If you still have any doubt please, write a comment and I will help you.

1  D
The sentence says "IT BEGAN" and the text continues with "THEN..." and it talks about indoors and outside places like "football pitches".

2  G
The sentence says "AS A RESULT" and "SLOW EXPERIMENTATION" and the text talks about "GRADUAL EXPLORATION".

3  F
The text mentions the evolution of the process and says "AUTOMATED" and after gap it says also "A FEW MISTAKES". That connects with "NOT SAY...HAS BEEN WITHOUT INCIDENT".

4  A
"THIS ROUTE IS GOING TO STAY CONSISTENT" says the text. And the sentence talks about "CONSISTENCY ESSENTIAL".

5  C
This paragraph talks about "THINK POSITIVELY" and the sentence mentions "FEELINGS OF LIBERATION", "ANY ANXIETY"...

6  E
The paragraph talks about "COMPETE ON EQUAL TERMS", "COMPETE WITH EVERYBODY ELSE" and the sentence mentions "RUN WITH EVERYONE".




viernes, 17 de mayo de 2019

FCE Reading PART 6

This is the second part of the reading test for the FCE level. In this part of the exam you have to read a text and fill in the gaps with the sentences given. There are 6 gaps and 7 possible answers. Only one is correct for each gap. There is one extra letter you do not need to use. Use the letters only once.
Pay attention to the text. Tomorrow you will find here the answers. Good luck!

Here you have the options:

A  These provide the familiarity and consistency essential for the blind runner.

B Their support gave him extra confidence regarding his changing surroundings.

C Simon believes the feeling of liberation and independece he gets from running solo far overweigh any anxiety over such dangers.

D He began by training on football pitches behind his house, running between the goalposts.

E It gives him a great opportunity to run with everyone.

F That's not to say the learning curve has been without incidents.

G As a result of this slow experimentation, he was able to memorise a set five-kilometre course.


miércoles, 1 de mayo de 2019

SOLUTIONS Phrasal Verbs for COMMUNICATION: EXERCISES

Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. Use them only once.

1. I will CALL BACK when you are not so busy.

2. HANG ON a minute, I am not ready.

3. We always COME BACK TO the same point.

4. Please, leave a message and I will GET BACK TO you.

5. She wanted to ask his name, but something HELD her BACK.

6. HOLD ON a moment, please, I will put you through the marketing department.

7. He rang the office and ASKED FOR Martha.

8. The radio station had an open line on which listeners could CALL UP to discuss issues.

9. He asked me to help and I couldn't TURN him DOWN.

10. These are the sort of questions that I will be PUTTING TO the politicians.

11. The essay was full of complex ideas and it was hard to MAKE them OUT.

12. Hi there! How are you? I just wanted to TALK TO you.

13. Have you HEARD anything FROM Oliver since he went to university?


Exercise 2
Replace the underlined phrasal verbs with one from the list with the same meaning.


1. Can we go back to the point you raised earlier?   GET BACK TO

2. I can't work out why he did it.   MAKE OUT

3. I rang Stefan back the following day.   CALL BACK

4. Can you hold on for a minute or two?   HANG ON

5. Can I talk with you about this?   TALK TO

6. You can phone up and speak to an adviser at any time.   CALL UP

Exercise 3
Complete the sentences choosing the correct option.

1. Would you mind holding ON while I call Mr Smith?

2. He is not here at the moment. Can I ask him to call you BACK?

3. I will get BACK to you soon with my decision.

4. The photo is very unclear - I can't make it OUT very well.

5. He asked her to go to the cinema with him but she turned him DOWN.

6. I've got a proposal I would like to put TO you.

martes, 30 de abril de 2019

Phrasal Verbs for COMMUNICATION: EXERCISES

Exercise 1
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. Use them only once.

ASK FOR     CALL BACK     CALL UP     COME BACK TO     GET BACK TO     HANG ON     HEAR FROM     HOLD BACK     HOLD ON     MAKE OUT     PUT TO     TALK TO     TURN DOWN

1. I will __________ when you are not so busy.

2. __________ a minute, I am not ready.

3. We always __________ the same point.

4. Please, leave a message and I will __________ you.

5. She wanted to ask his name, but something _____ her _____.

6. __________ a moment, please, I will put you through the marketing department.

7. He rang the office and __________ Martha.

8. The radio station had an open line on which listeners could __________ to discuss issues.

9. He asked me to help and I couldn't _____ him _____.

10. These are the sort of questions that I will be __________ the politicians.

11. The essay was full of complex ideas and it was hard to _____ them _____.

12. Hi there! How are you? I just wanted to __________ you.

13. Have you _____ anything _____ Oliver since he went to university?


Exercise 2
Replace the underlined phrasal verbs with one from the list with the same meaning.

CALL ___BACK      CALL UP      GET BACK TO      HANG ON      MAKE OUT     TALK TO

1. Can we go back to the point you raised earlier?

2. I can't work out why he did it.

3. I rang Stefan back the following day.

4. Can you hold on for a minute or two?

5. Can I talk with you about this?

6. You can phone up and speak to an adviser at any time.

Exercise 3
Complete the sentences choosing the correct option.

1. Would you mind holding   OUT / ON / BACK  while I call Mr Smith?

2. He is not here at the moment. Can I ask him to call you   UP / BACK / OUT?

3. I will get BACK / OUT / ON to you soon with my decision.

4. The photo is very unclear - I can't make it OUT / UP / OVER very well.

5. He asked her to go to the cinema with him but she turned him  OUT / BACK / DOWN.

6. I've got a proposal I would like to put TRHOUGH / TO / WITH you.

Phrasal verbs for COMMUNICATION

Here you have a list of some phrasal verbs for communication. These are the most common ones.

Ask for
1. If you ASK FOR STH, you say you would like to have it.
2. If you ASK FOR SB when you are making a phone call, you say you would like to speak to him.


Call back ("Ring back" is a mainly British synonym)
1. If you CALL BACK, you go to see someone briefly for a second time.
2. If you CALL BACK, you telephone someone for a second time.
3. If you CALL SB BACK, you telephone them again in return for a telephone call they have made to you.


Call up ("Phone up" or "Ring up" are synonyms)
1. If you CALL UP or CALL SB UP, you telephone someone.


Come back to
1. If you COME BACK TO a particular subject, you mention or start to discuss it again.


Get back to
1. If you GET BACK TO someone, you contact them again after a short period of time.
2. If you GET BACK TO what you were doing or talking about before, you start doing it again. ("Go back to" is a synonym)


Hang on ("Hold on" is a synonym)
1. If you HANG ON, you wait for a short time. (INFORMAL).


Hear from
1. If you HEAR FROM someone or HEAR STH FROM them, you receive a phone call from them.


Hold back
1. If you HOLD BACK, or if STH HOLDS YOU BACK, you do not do or say something you want to do or say.


Hold on
1. If you HOLD ON, you wait or stop what you are doing for a short time.
2. If you ask someone you are speaking to on the phone to HOLD ON, you want them to wait.


Make out
1. If you MAKE STH OUT, you manage to see or hear it.  ("Pick out" is a synonym)
2. If you MAKE STH OUT, you manage to understand it.  ("Work out" is a synonym)
3. If you MAKE OUT that something is true, you try to make people believe it.


Put to
1. If you PUT STH TO SB, you say it to them in order to find out how they react to it.


Talk to ("Talk with" is a synonym from American English)
1. If you TALK TO SB, you have a conversation with them.


Turn down
1. If you TURN STH/SB DOWN, you refuse a request or offer.






viernes, 26 de abril de 2019

SOLUTIONS Vocabulary mixed exercise

Today I bring to you the solutions of some exercises from the British Council website about vocabulary. 

Exercise 1
Select a word from the list below that has the most similar meaning to the word given.
Example: BIG   =   LARGE

GO     BEGIN     PLAN     LISTEN     READ     RUN     CHOOSE     SPEAK     END     GET

Study   =   PLAN
Receive   =   GET
Start   =   BEGIN
Talk   =   SPEAK
Pick   =   CHOOSE


Exercise 2
Complete the definitions using a word from the list below.

ATTEND     ASSEMBLE     APPROACH     ARRIVE     ADMIT     ANNOUNCE     ARRANGE     ADJUST     ACCEPT     WRAP

To cover with paper or material is to WRAP
To improve or change is to ADJUST
To state or make public is to ANNOUNCE
To get somewhere is to ARRIVE
To put something together is to ASSEMBLE


Exercise 3
Complete each sentence using a word from the list below.

AWKWARD     ANCIENT     AHEAD     ADEQUATE     ARTICULATE     ALERT     ACCURATE     ABROAD     ADULT     AGGRESSIVE

More and more people go ABROAD for their  holidays these days.
Drivers need to remain ALERT when in charge of a car.
The city has many ANCIENT and interesting buildings.
She's a highly ACCURATE person who explains things clearly.
He is a very AGGRESSIVE person - always getting into fights.


Exercise 4
Select a word from the list below that has the most similar meaning to the word given.

LINE     JOINT     COMMAND     PRIZE     MESS     FRIGHT     SCHEDULE     DOCK     STAGE     MISTAKE

Timetable   =   SCHEDULE
Reward   =   PRIZE
Queue   =   LINE
Phase   =   STAGE
Error   =   MISTAKE


Exercise 5
Select from the list below the word that is most often used with the one given.

BOMB     AUDITION     SCISSORS      CLASSES     STRINGS     SALESMAN     MINISTER     SEAT     ROD     SEEP

Aerobics   +   CLASSES
Agriculture   +   MINISTER
Aisle   +   SEAT
Apron   +   STRINGS
Atom   +   BOMB

jueves, 25 de abril de 2019

EOI New Exercise

MEDIACIÓN ORAL TEXTUAL INTERLINGÜÍSTICA

Este nuevo ejercicio añadido este año a la prueba de certificación de las Escuelas Oficiales de Idiomas de España trata de textos en lengua castellana que han de ser traducidos al idioma final, en este caso inglés, de forma oral para unir la comprensión lectora con producción oral en el mismo ejercicio. Así nos introducen en una supuesta situación donde debemos explicar un tema coloquial a otra persona de distinto idioma.

Para preparar esta prueba, tendremos 4 minutos para leer el texto y tomar notas. Nos dejarán tener un pequeño folio con algunas anotaciones durante la intervención que será de 2 minutos y medio aproximadamente. Tendremos que tener en cuenta la información que nos piden pues no todo el texto será relevante en la parte oral. Tendremos que estar atentos a qué información cribar y cuál añadir al speech.

Veamos un ejemplo extraído de la propia EOI de Avilés (Asturias) para practicar. Se trata de un texto adaptado de https://www.infobae.com . Los textos pueden ser sacados de revistas, periódicos o elaborados por la propia Escuela.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Imagina que tienes que dar una pequeña charla en un Congreso Internacional sobre publicidad en Aberdeen (Escocia). Explica a tu audiencia las claves más importantes para detectar publicidad engañosa basado en la información de abajo y omitiendo toda la información realizada con compras por Internet, ya que tu colega alemán va a hablar sobre ello.

1.   Leer toda la letra pequeña: en especial, hay que prestar atención a la información complementaria o apartado legal - que se conoce como "letra chica" - y a los datos relevantes del producto al margen del texto principal, ya sea al pie de  página o sobre el margen.

2.   Atención con las publicidades sobre productos o servicios que se venden por internet: el apartado legal debe informar que en este tipo de compras el consumidor tiene 15 días para arrepentirse de la operación y devolver el producto - sin haberlo usado - y sin tener que pagar gastos de envío u otros.

3.   Revisar datos clave de la oferta: Significa verificar puntillosamente la vigencia (fecha de inicio y finalización), la cantidad de productos (stock) con la cual se va a cubrir la promoción y el lugar donde se pueden comprar. Durante la vigencia de la oferta, el anunciante está obligado a vender ese producto; si se terminó, debe ofrecer uno igual o mejor.

4.   Conocer el precio final: Las publicacidades no tienen la obligación de informar precios, pero si lo hacen deben cumplir las normas legales: no puede haber diferencias entre el precio informado en el anuncio y el precio final en el caso de adquirir el bien o servicio publicitado. Es simple: el precio publicitado debe ser efectivamente el precio final.

5.   Guardar todo: Si luego de observar atentamente las características del aviso, se decide comprar, hay que saber que como la empresa está obligada a cumplir con las condiciones publicitadas, "es muy importante guardar todos los folletos y avisos relacionados con el producto o servicio, hasta que la operación se cumpla acabadamente".

Vocabulary mixed exercise

Today I bring to you some exercises from the British Council website about vocabulary. Tomorrow with the answers you will have also the explanations or synonyms. Good luck!

Exercise 1
Select a word from the list below that has the most similar meaning to the word given.
Example: BIG   =   LARGE

GO     BEGIN     PLAN     LISTEN     READ     RUN     CHOOSE     SPEAK     END     GET

Study   =   ..........
Receive   =   ..........
Start   =   ..........
Talk   =   ..........
Pick   =   ..........


Exercise 2
Complete the definitions using a word from the list below.

ATTEND     ASSEMBLE     APPROACH     ARRIVE     ADMIT     ANNOUNCE     ARRANGE     ADJUST     ACCEPT     WRAP

To cover with paper or material is to ..........
To improve or change is to ..........
To state or make public is to ..........
To get somewhere is to ..........
To put something together is to ..........


Exercise 3
Complete each sentence using a word from the list below.

AWKWARD     ANCIENT     AHEAD     ADEQUATE     ARTICULATE     ALERT     ACCURATE     ABROAD     ADULT     AGGRESSIVE

More and more people go .......... for their  holidays these days.
Drivers need to remain .......... when in charge of a car.
The city has many .......... and interesting buildings.
She's a highly .......... person who explains things clearly.
He is a very .......... person - always getting into fights.


Exercise 4
Select a word from the list below that has the most similar meaning to the word given.

LINE     JOINT     COMMAND     PRIZE     MESS     FRIGHT     SCHEDULE     DOCK     STAGE     MISTAKE

Timetable   =   ..........
Reward   =   ..........
Queue   =   ..........
Phase   =   ..........
Error   =   ..........


Exercise 5
Select from the list below the word that is most often used with the one given.

BOMB     AUDITION     SCISSORS      CLASSES     STRINGS     SALESMAN     MINISTER     SEAT     ROD     SEEP

Aerobics   +   ..........
Agriculture   +   ..........
Aisle   +   ..........
Apron   +   ..........
Atom   +   ..........